Posts tagged with "1100 Architect":
1100 Architect combines an 1851 cottage with a modern research center on University of Pennsylvania’s campus
In 1865, “hat and cap merchant” Robert D. Work purchased a Gothic Revival cottage at 3803 Locust Walk in West Philadelphia, riding the wave of the migration to the suburbs. This cottage, designed by prolific architect and author Samuel Sloan, was built in 1851. It now forms part of the Perry World House—a new destination on the University of Pennsylvania’s campus courtesy of New York studio 1100 Architect.
Work’s cottage 165 years ago featured fake limestone—stucco scored to look like a French stone chateau in suburban Philadelphia. Today, the new structure, which officially opened September 20, employs a closed facade featuring real limestone blocks hanging from a steel, barn-like perimeter cage.
“The project presented the challenge of putting history adjacent to modernity in the most blunt and direct way,” said cofounder of 1100 Architect David Piscuskas. Though limestone carries connotations of weight, the facade respectfully resists falling flush to the cottage’s shingles, following this sight-line down the rest of the front elevation.
In addition, a cage structure facilitates a more or less column-free interior. This provided freedom when mapping out areas of circulation and spaces for interactivity. (The building has a capacity of 554.)
“Any structural columns that are there are hidden very well,” said Piscuskas, the soon-to-be AIA president of the New York chapter. Despite the closed facade, the building maintains a sense of transparency from both outside and within. “The way that you move through this building is celebrated and is on view at all times,” Piscuskas added. From the outside, wide, metal-framed oriel windows facing the street allow passerby to see inside: Bridges, staircases, and open social spaces are all on display.
Elements of the original structure can be found inside, too. An original wall from the cottage is near the foyer. On the second floor, a meeting room translates the language of the facade as an extrusion through the space. A pitched ceiling creates a sense of verticality resulting from combining the cottage’s original second floor and attic and restructuring the roof.
On South 38th Street, the Wharton School’s imposing building once jarred with the quaint stylings of this 19th-century cottage six lanes of traffic away. Now, its impact is less severe, thanks to the new massing that still manages to mirror and echo the former suburban vernacular. Made up almost entirely of glass fenestration, the double-height venue gets a generous dose of daylight, making it an attractive place to meet. The roof comprises a series of pitches, all varying in height, which creates a contemporary expression of the original gables.
Form was also guided by inconveniences, such as a manhole encroaching on the building’s footprint. “We saw this as an opportunity to have more fun,” said Piscuskas, who described how a chunk carved from a corner was a workaround that aligned with the rest of the building’s similar geometry. The site’s topography, too, falls in line with the angular aesthetic as open space in the rear slopes down to the street.
The detail-obsessed will love 1100 Architect’s carefully crafted aluminum stairs in this Chelsea gallery
Just off The High Line on West 24th Street, Metro Pictures has been given new life courtesy of New York firm, 1100 Architect. Inside the Chelsea gallery, a (somehow) forgotten skylight has been reborn and a sleek, seamless aluminum stairway also installed. The building is more spacious too: In part due to more daylight entering the building, but also because of a 16 percent increase in exhibition space.
Speaking to The Architect's Newspaper, Project Architect Spencer Leaf said that much of the additional space had come from removing the entry vestibule and re-configuring the interior layout. "Though removing a threshold, we dropped the ceiling over [the] reception so that there is still some perceived transitional space between the gallery and the front door, but without there being a physical barrier. This opened up the gallery to the street more as well."
Leaf also discussed the gallery's new stairway. Muted in style, the minimalist replacement of the original stairs (made from blackened metal and two-inch-thick steel tube treads) resulted from the client's request to "make the stairs more discreet." At a glance, the stairway appears to be draped in a single, wafer-thin sheet of metal that silently climbs up through the stairwell. Despite this slenderness, though, one instinctively knows the material can take a person's weight too.
"We looked at a number of materials and felt that aluminum gave us the most durability," explained Leaf. "We also liked sanded aluminum largely because of its ambiguous quality—it has a certain massive-ness to it. It almost seems like a carved material or a poured material. A lot of people have asked if it was concrete when they have seen pictures of it."
"The material thickness was a particular challenge for us especially with aluminum being particularly soft—it's all a 3/8ths of an inch thick plate," Leaf added. "When we started looking at it as a folded or welded plate, all of our alignments started being ruined due to that 3/8ths thickness."
Within this confined area, material connections are concealed—an effect that causes visitors who care enough about stairwell detailing enough to swoon, yet one others may overlook. "All the treads are built as boxes," explained Leaf, who added that when viewed from one side to the other, no thickness is visible. "They always align at a point that a hair could barely pass through."
Leaf described the stairway as a "relatively compressed space" but highlighted the 25-foot ceiling that opens up above and the recessed Corian handrail. As with the stairs, Leaf said he and the design team didn't want it to be too obvious or direct in its material or function. "The handrail is the same color and perceived materiality as the gypsum board interior walls. However, when you touch it feels almost like stone because of the quality of the Corian," he said.
The Berkeley Carroll School, Performing Arts Center—located on the northern ridge of Park Slope in Brooklyn—was once a church. Originally built in 1936, the structure has been transformed by New York firm 1100 Architect into a flexible theater and performance space.
The former 80-year-old church can now provide the pre-K Berkeley Carroll School with seating for 396 through a staggered seating arrangement that uses space freed up by the removal of the existing raised stage. Subsequently, the space can be reconfigured to serve as a lecture hall or venue for music, theater, events, and multi-media audio-visual performances.
After 1100 Architect responded to an RFP in 2014, construction began in March 2015. The center has now been open since September. "Both the faculty of the school and the student's parents are very impressed with the space that they now have," said associate principal Gwendolyn Conners, talking to The Architect's Newspaper.
Mechanical, Electrical, Plumbing Engineers: EME Group
Structural Engineering: Hage Engineering
Theater Consultants: Fisher Dachs Associates
Acoustical Consultants: Lally Acoustical consulting
Audio Visual Consultant: Boyce Nemec Designs
Code and Expediting Consultant: William Vitacco Associates Ltd.
General Contractor: Shawmut Design and Construction
Owners Representation: Seamus Henchy and Associates Inc.
Products and Vendors:
Acoustic panels at Ceiling: Fabric: Guilford of Maine Acoustic panel: Kinetics Noise Control HardSide
Acoustic panels at wall: Pani-Sorb modular Acoustical Wall Panels
Fixed seating: Seating: Steeldeck Tip Up Bench Seating Fabric: Knoll Hourglass
Loose seating: Chairs: Knoll Spark Chairs Fabric: Knoll Hourglass
Theatrical fixings Lighting: Barbizon Electric Theatrical Lighting boards: Barbizon Electric Rigging and Lighting Pipe Grid: I Weiss
Curtains: Fabricator: I Weiss Fabric: KM Fabrics, Seattle Fabrics Athletic Mesh
Flooring: Stage Flooring: Oil-Tempered Hardboard on Robbins Flooring BioChannel Linoleum Flooring: Forbo Carpet: J&J Flooring Group, Broken Slate, Modular
Paint: Benjamin Moore
Signage: ASI New York