Posts tagged with "Glass":
Rayures Glas Italia
The French fraternal design duo Ronan & Erwan Bouroullec conjured a colorful crystalline modular screen with layered hinged panels. The folds of transparent glass feature horizontal and vertical veins that light filters through in a wonderfully lucid way. The individual panels vary in size, allowing for compositions that divide but don't separate.
Woven metallic threads form a reflective herringbone wall cladding in this new product from Carvart. The effect is created by laminating metal mesh between a mirror and a panel of glass. This mesh can be used for both exterior and interior applications, as well as for acoustic performance.
Linework Skyline Design
Exploring linework and other 2-D geometries, Gensler collaborated with Skyline to develop a collection of five glass patterns. Linework is available in four thicknesses, can be sized up to 72 inches by 144 inches, and is suitable for interiors and exteriors.
NBBJ designed a trio of connected glass orbs with living walls at the new Seattle headquarters for online retail giant Amazon. According to an announcement on Amazon’s blog, the spherical design—a project seven years in the making—was “chosen due to its natural occurrence in nature and as a nod to historic conservatories, like Kew Gardens.” This atypical meeting place away from the typical office towers provides a treehouse-like environment for employees, complete with terraces, water features, soaring staircases, and wooden decking.
The construction required more than 620 tons of steel supported by a burly concrete base to buttress the triangular insulated glass units fashioned from modularized Vitro glass. The open floor plan comprised three spherical units enveloped in Ultra-clear Vitro Starphire low-iron glass, which allows for higher visible light transmission, heightening views from multiple angles. “Iron is what makes glass appear green," said Andre Kenstowicz, Vitro Glass manager on the project. "Low iron Starphire glass eliminates the 'green' hue of traditional clear glass so the only green that you see is from the 300 species of tropical plants inside of the Amazon Spheres.” There are around 40,000 plants in the project.
Like all three domes, the largest is glazed by the contractor Enclos with Vitro’s Solarban Solar Control 60 Low-E coating in double laminate, measuring approximately 90 feet tall and 130 feet wide. All 2,643 panels of glass achieve 73 percent visible light transmittance and a solar heat gain coefficient of 0.40 across the visibly sinuous surface. This film beneath the surface limits the amount of radiation entering and consequently helps the interior to remain a stable, cool temperature.
NBBJ designed this biophilic environment to “inspire creativity and even improve brain function," according to the company’s blog. Luckily the public also has year-round access to the stimulating habitat at the base of the garden in the visitor center. There, in the thick of it, Seattleites can experience biodiversity in the heart of the city.
Structural Engineer: Magnusson Klemencic Associates
Glass Manufacturer: Vitro Architectural Glass, Northwestern Industries, Kuraray
Glass Fabricator: Northwestern Industries, Inc.
Glazing Contractor: Enclos
Portland-based studio OFFICE 52 Architecture designed the new 109,000-square-foot interdisciplinary Nano-Bio-Energy Technologies Building at Carnegie Mellon University with a glass facade that plays with form, texture, and color. The skin that lines the north wing of the Sherman and Joyce Bowie Scott Hall features a range of vibrant materials: dichroic glass, clear and frosted glass layers, and a micro-thin layer of metal oxide created by a process that echoes the nanotechnology work taking place in the facility. “It all has to do with photons, which is essentially light. We wanted to give the building a timeless quality in terms of the custom nanotechnology-inspired frit motif juxtaposed by the dichroic glass,” said Michelle LaFoe, principal of OFFICE 52.
In effect, Scott Hall’s curtain wall creates spaces that glow with light that has passed through the glass layers and has diffused into a plethora of colors—from warm amber to cool grape to saturated cyan, depending on the wavelength of the light beam. Lending the building an aura of luminance, a rainbow of color changes transpires throughout the day according to the angle the sun moves through the glass. These qualities are created by Schott AG fins—vertical in Narima Orange and horizontal in Narima Blue|Gold. Both are laminated between Vitro Starphire low-iron glass using DuPont’s SentryGlas laminate, a clever combination paired with a custom frit that allows birds (who naturally have a tetrachromatic visual system with a heightened color perception) to see the color in the dichroic glass. Together, the dichroic fin colors and the ceramic glass frit’s printed pattern with a custom subtle gray is what the birds see, ultimately functioning as a safety feature.
The structure is one of the first research-grade clean facilities in the country to be certified LEED Gold, a feat that both partners attribute to the collaborating engineers and fabricators: “Innovation was most easily achieved when we worked together to fabricate custom fins. Collaborating with the engineers (Arup) and the dichroic glass manufacturer (Schott AG) is an example of collaboration to get the best use of the best products,” said Isaac Campbell, principal at OFFICE 52.
Design Architect: OFFICE 52 Architecture
Architect of Record: Stantec
LEED Consultant: evolveEA
Curtain Wall Glass Manufacturer: Viracon
Curtain Wall: United Architectural Metals
Dichroic glass fins: Schott AG
Fabricator: Triview Glass
Installer: D-M Products, Inc.
Insulated glass units fabricator and manufacturer: Viracon
The proverb, “people who live in glass houses shouldn’t throw stones,” need not apply to these performance solutions. Equipped with innovative materials and manufactured by clever new techniques, these glass products address structural, safety, thermal, and weather-related concerns.
Vacuum IG Guardian Glass
Pictured here in a retrofit at Sherzer Hall at Eastern Michigan University, Vacuum IG is paired with Guardian’s SunGuard coated glass to create a hybrid, low-e, vacuum-insulated glass that provides thermal insulation and minimizes the amount of ultraviolet and infrared light passing through without compromising visible light transmission.
Fireframes TimberLine TPG
FireFrames TimberLine has the aesthetic panache of wood with all the fire performance characteristics that steel brings. Pairing a burly steel frame with a real wood cap cover and Pilkington Pyrostop fire-rated glass, the system effectively works as a radiant and conductive heat barrier.
H3 FeelSafe Casement & Double Hung Sierra Pacific
What do you have to do before a hurricane? You board up the windows! Made from extruded aluminum, vinyl, and solid wood, these windows may not eliminate the need for that altogether, but they do withstand Zone III or IV hurricane-force winds and water damage.
GPX FireFloor Safti
Walk (safely) this way on a tempered, laminated surface supported by a structural steel frame. The fire-resistant flooring system is assembled with no air between the fire-rated glass and the laminated walking surface, alleviating concerns associated with condensation.
Hardware manufacturer Assa Abloy and safety glass manufacturer School Guard Glass partnered to design an attack-resistant door for schools. When paired together, the Ceco Door with SG5 attack-resistant glazing survives the most brutal blows and even gunshots. Stronger and longer-lasting than a security film, the system is easy and affordable to retrofit into preexisting openings for increased security.
Krypton-enhanced glass MI Windows and Doors
Replacing commonly used argon, new krypton-insulated glass effectively decreases the flow of heat from the outside in. The gas lives between two panes of glass, separated by a warm edge spacer system. It is available with MI’s 1650 double-hung, 1650 fixed, and 1685 double-slider triple-pane windows.NX-300 Kawneer Designed for historic window restorations, the NX-300 thermal window bestows an antiquated look that is updated to meet contemporary performance codes. It is available in a variety of casement outswing, awning, fixed, and fixed over awning configurations.
Blending indoors without, these openings improve accessibility and reveal sweeping views.
AA 250/425 Thermal Entrances Kawneer
This entrance system is equipped with a discreetly effective thermal break: The corner mechanical fastening and fillet welds minimize airflow.
AWS Terrace Door with ADA Threshold Schüco
This outward-opening terrace door has a new increased profile. When closed, the thermal break efficiently insulates the interior using a triple layer threshold barrier.
8100 series Windoor
Smooth operator! Sliding on one or more tracks, these floor-to-ceiling glass doors can be installed in corners and custom configurations.
Bifold Patio Doors Pella
These bilateral doors open outward so those indoors can enjoy wide-open spaces. The panels fold neatly to adjust to any opening size.
Kitchen Transition Nanawall
Nanawall offers a residential product that creates fluidity between outdoors and indoor kitchens. With the combination of countertop window panels and floor-to-ceiling units, the system seamlessly integrates into a variety of uses.
Pivot Entrance Silvelox
These massive units pivot around a vertical axis with hinges that don’t require welding and open outward from a panel attached to the facade.
Clad-Wood Folding Patio Doors JELD-WYN
This wooden framed solution can be installed to slide, swing, or fold out. It is available as an interconnected three-panel system or in a one-panel configuration.
Offered as a complete package including lock body and available in a range of finishes and functions, the G17 Series allows for sleek and modern open-space design.
On April 19, for the afternoon keynote of The Architect’s Newspaper’s Facades+ conference in New York, architect Ian Ritchie discussed his decades-long involvement in forward-looking glass architecture. Beginning with the tongue-in-cheek statement, “Glass is the answer; what was the question?” the British architect detailed the technological specifications and design considerations behind his projects. Ranging in size from personal residences to convention centers, the projects convey his expertise with manufactured materials.
As head of his own practice, Ian Ritchie Architects, Ritchie’s process is influenced by a range of fields, from neuroscience to poetry.
Ritchie began with one of his earliest projects, the self-constructed Fluy House (1976). Composed of a prefabricated set of materials, including a lightweight steel frame and pre-cast concrete floor slabs, Ritchie described his early curtain wall as “glass acting as a windbreaker,” a thin protective barrier between shelter and the site’s surrounding countryside.
Ritchie also described projects he worked on as a founding partner of the engineering firm, RFR Engineers. For example, he talked about unique projects such as engineering I.M Pei’s Louvre Pyramids, which entailed the creation of a full-scale Kevlar mockup and the use of "phantom fixing” to insure the transparency of the glass structure’s final design.
Next, in talking about the design of Reina Sofia Museum of Modern Art’s circulation towers and the Messe-Leipzig Glass Hall, Ritchie described how unique engineering devices such as externally suspended and grid-worked glass panels bring the tectonics of design and engineering into public view while creating open and accessible spaces.
In line with his firm’s straightforward forms, Ritchie was critical of the contemporary trend of hyper-engineered glass facades with multiple curves and contortions, asking, "Is architecture intelligence or indulgence?" Instead, he emphasized the natural, biological forms that influence his creative process and, ultimately, his firm’s output.
Ritchie’s drive to bridge the highly technical, manufactured character of glass with natural objects and processes was also highlighted by his presentation of the firm’s recently completed, 150,000-square-foot Sainsbury Wellcome Center.
Located in London’s Fitzrovia, a central city district surrounded by architectural conservation areas predominantly comprised of Georgian architecture, Ritchie saw the Sainsbury Wellcome Center as a “melting ice block spilling into the surrounding neighborhood." To fulfill this analogy, the firm opted for translucent cast glass with vertical, corduroy-like detailing that imitated the stone rustication and brick-and-mortar facades of the surrounding area.
Ritchie concluded with a call for architects to recognize that current glass design and architecture may be surpassing contemporary engineering capabilities. In his view, too many architects are acting as sculptors, an approach that will fail to “make glass warm and haptically friendly” to the public.