Posts tagged with "Brazil":
The work and philosophy of landscape architect Roberto Burle Marx is on display at the Jewish Museum
Roberto Burle Marx: Brazilian Modernist is a retrospective exhibition that looks at the life and work of landscape architect Roberto Burle Marx. Born from a German father and a Brazilian mother, Marx, along with the likes of Oscar Niemeyer, adopted the ideals of the growing modernist movement in Brazil. Despite becoming an esteemed figure within the 20th century landscape architectural scene, today Marx is seldom recognized outside his homeland. His dedicated exhibition at the Jewish Museum seeks to change that, showcasing his modernist philosophy through a series of his drawings, photographs, textiles, jewelry, theater sets, costumes, ceramics, and stained glass. The selected works are intended to embody not only Marx’s modernist principles, but also his own ethos. During his 60-year career, Marx sought to mitigate the loss of the primeval garden and repair the rift between humanity and nature. As a result, his gardens (he produced more than 2,000) encouraged self-reflection while using artistic devices to address political issues such as ecology. In the exhibition, they are depicted as works of art, compiling abstract linear forms such as flat planes and using bold colors. The self-described “poet of his own life,” also left a legacy of influence, which the exhibition displays through a collection of Latin American artists born after 1950.
Roberto Burle Marx: Brazilian Modernist is at the The Jewish Museum, 1109 Fifth Ave at 92nd St., through September 18, 2016.
Brazilian architect Isay Weinfeld is having a moment. He's designing the new Four Seasons Restaurant. He also has two large residential projects in the United States: the Jardim in New York near the High Line and the Fasano Hotel and Residences at the famous Shore Club in Miami Beach. His work displays a thoughtful relationship between interior and exterior—more specifically landscaping and architecture. It comes through in a large body of small residential and retail projects in Brazil but also in his more recent large residential projects. Senior editor Matt Shaw joined Weinfeld at the spectacular Manhattan showroom for the Jardim to discuss indoor-outdoor living in temperate climates such as Brazil and Miami, as well as places with a solid four seasons, like New York.
The Architect’s Newspaper: What is your approach to crafting the relationship between indoor and outdoor spaces?
Isay Weinfeld: In many places where we design, the weather is so nice that we have a very strong connection between the two. It’s impossible to know if you’re having lunch inside or outside because it’s the same. In the Miami project, we have internal patios—you bring the garden inside the house. In our Havaianas store in São Paulo, the skylights are open so it can rain on the plants inside. It is on the most expensive street in the city, but they sell inexpensive flip-flops.
I love the sensation of going through a space but not knowing what is waiting for you at the end. Suddenly, it opens to an unusual space that you were not expecting. For example, at the Geneses House in São Paulo, you could enter the house directly from the street, but I made a pathway where you could also go into this garden at the back of the lot. It is very far. And when you are at the end, you turn and you see the back of the house—but it is not the back, it’s the front.
Where does this attitude come from?
I designed a house for a very important filmmaker, Héctor Babenco, and I put the garden in front of the house. Usually, I put it behind the house. But in this case, you enter from the street, and it’s a forest. You cannot see anything, and there is a path that is, like, five minutes of walking without seeing the house. The path is not covered. If it’s raining, then it’s raining.
Suddenly, you open to the house, and you are almost inside the house. This is like a film, because I was a filmmaker also. It’s a way to manipulate the emotion of people as they enter, go outside, and go inside.
So you use outdoor space as an extension of your architecture?
My architecture is very, very simple, so I hate having landscape design with the same minimal feeling, where you have one plant here, one there, one cactus here. I love lush. There should be a complete contrast between my architecture and the garden. It should be chaos like the High Line. I love the contrast between the chaos of the landscape and the very simple lines of the architecture.
Why is the outdoor space so important to a project like the Jardim, your midrise residential building along the High Line?
It is almost a consequence of the way that we put the two buildings, with an empty space in between. I think it’s better to have a wonderful garden with the kids that you can be in than a pavement, solid concrete, minimalist beautiful project without people. I think this is very agreeable for all people, for the kids, and even in New York. At the Jardim, this will be good also—even in the winter.
Beyond the focus on food and agriculture, there is also a wealth of eye-catching architecture at the Milan Expo as well. Here is a collection of some of our favorite pavilions from this year's rendition. And be sure to check out our coverage of the Expo here.
a handful of designs...stand out as attempts to rethink the way we build and how it relates to modern agriculture and sustainable food production for the next century. Most of the pavilions use sustainable materials and construction methods that utilize national building techniques. Inside, exhibitions—often interactive—showcase biodiversity, culture, and food traditions of each nation.